Australian climate information

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Australian climate
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OutlineOutline of Australian climate

Australia is a large island continent with a diverse range of climate zones. These vary from tropical regions in the north, arid expanses in the interior, to temperate regions in the south.

Seasonal fluctuations can be great with temperatures ranging from above 50 ° Celsius to well below zero. However the majority of populated areas only experience more moderate temperature fluctuations, making the temperature contrast between summer and winter not that great.

Australia is relatively arid, with 80% of the land having a rainfall less than 600 millimetres per year and 50% having even less than 300 millimetres. Most rainfall occurs in the coastal regions of country. The southern parts of the country can experience considerable rainfall in winter months and the northern parts of the country often experience tropical storms with considerable rainfall in summer months.

It is also not uncommon for parts of the country to experience tropical cyclones, heat waves, bushfires and frosts.

Australian rainfall map

More information about Australia's climate is available from the Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology website.

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Monthly averagesMonthly averages

Listed below are the monthly mean maximum and minimum temperatures and rainfall statistics of Capital Cities and other popular backpacker destinations.

Maximum and minimum temperatures are in degrees Celsius and rainfall is in millimetres.

Capital Cities

 

Sydney

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 26 26 25 22 19 17 16 18 20 22 24 25
Min 19 19 18 15 12 9 8 9 11 14 16 18
Rain 101 118 129 126 121 131 97 81 69 78 83 78

 

 

Melbourne

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 26 26 24 20 17 14 13 15 17 20 22 24
Min 14 15 13 11 9 7 6 7 8 10 11 13
Rain 48 48 50 57 56 49 48 50 58 66 60 59

 

 

Brisbane

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 29 29 28 26 23 21 20 22 24 26 28 29
Min 21 21 19 17 13 11 10 10 13 16 18 20
Rain 160 158 141 93 74 68 57 46 46 75 97 133

 

 

Perth

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 31 31 30 26 22 19 18 19 20 23 26 29
Min 18 18 17 14 11 8 8 8 9 11 14 16
Rain 16 8 20 35 87 131 152 123 86 40 22 7

 

 

Adelaide

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 29 29 26 22 19 16 15 16 18 21 24 27
Min 17 17 15 13 10 9 8 8 9 11 13 15
Rain 20 21 24 44 68 72 66 62 51 45 31 25

 

 

Darwin

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 32 32 32 34 33 31 31 32 33 34 34 34
Min 25 25 25 24 23 21 20 21 23 25 26 26
Rain 393 330 257 103 14 3 2 2 13 52 134 242

 

 

Canberra

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 29 28 25 20 16 12 12 14 16 20 24 26
Min 14 14 12 7 4 1 0 1 4 7 10 12
Rain 60 51 57 49 48 38 52 48 65 62 59 46

 

 

Hobart

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 23 22 21 17 14 11 11 12 15 17 19 22
Min 12 12 10 8 6 4 3 5 6 7 9 11
Rain 44 39 42 47 42 49 48 48 48 55 54 52

 

Other popular backpacker destinations - Queensland

 

Cairns

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 32 31 31 29 27 26 26 26 28 30 31 32
Min 23 23 23 21 19 17 16 16 18 20 21 23
Rain 419 422 460 264 111 73 40 42 44 50 98 203

 

 

Whitsunday Islands (Hamilton Island)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 30 30 29 27 25 22 22 23 25 28 29 30
Min 25 25 24 23 21 18 18 18 20 22 23 24
Rain 259 349 267 207 132 96 64 45 30 49 118 203

 

 

Hervey Bay

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 30 30 29 27 24 22 22 23 25 27 28 29
Min 22 22 20 18 14 12 10 11 14 17 19 21
Rain 131 141 116 72 101 85 50 59 45 74 73 143

 

 

Sunshine Coast

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 29 29 28 26 23 22 21 22 24 25 27 28
Min 21 21 20 17 14 11 9 10 13 16 18 20
Rain 142 179 142 161 173 113 68 76 57 81 90 158

 

 

Gold Coast

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 29 28 28 26 23 21 21 21 23 25 27 28
Min 20 20 19 17 13 11 9 10 12 15 17 19
Rain 175 191 198 135 130 95 74 56 58 89 107 137

 

Information on other Queensland cities and towns

 

Other popular backpacker destinations - New South Wales

 

Byron Bay

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 28 28 27 25 22 20 20 20 22 23 25 26
Min 21 21 20 17 15 13 12 13 14 16 18 20
Rain 164 190 204 187 183 164 107 90 66 107 121 147

 

 

Coffs Harbour

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 27 27 26 24 22 19 19 29 22 24 26 27
Min 18 19 18 15 11 8 7 8 10 13 16 18
Rain 169 207 232 190 138 130 94 81 68 96 104 137

 

 

Newcastle

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 26 25 25 23 20 18 17 18 20 22 24 25
Min 19 19 18 15 12 10 8 9 11 14 16 18
Rain 88 107 120 116 118 117 95 74 73 73 70 81

 

 

Blue Mountains

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 23 22 20 17 13 10 9 11 15 18 20 22
Min 13 13 11 9 6 4 3 3 5 8 10 12
Rain 161 176 165 122 103 118 85 80 72 92 107 123



Snowy Mountains (Thredbo Village)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 21 21 18 14 10 7 5 7 10 13 16 19
Min 7 7 5 1 0 -2 -4 -3 -1 2 4 5
Rain 104 95 104 110 151 161 158 196 216 186 162 123

 

Information on other New South Wales cities and towns

 

Other popular backpacker destinations - Victoria

 

Victorian Ski Fields (Mount Buller)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 17 17 14 10 6 3 2 2 5 8 12 14
Min 9 9 7 4 1 -1 -3 -2 -1 1 5 6
Rain 73 75 73 107 133 147 163 150 151 148 126 95

 

 

Great Ocean Road (Warrnambool)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 22 22 21 19 16 14 13 14 16 17 19 21
Min 13 13 12 10 9 7 6 7 8 9 10 12
Rain 33 34 48 60 76 77 88 86 74 67 55 44
                         

 

Information on other Victorian cities and towns

 

Other popular backpacker destinations - South Australia

 

Kangaroo Island (Kingscote)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 24 24 22 20 18 15 15 15 17 19 21 22
Min 15 15 14 13 11 9 8 8 9 10 12 14
Rain 15 17 18 35 59 73 78 65 47 37 23 19

 

Information on other South Australian cities and towns

 

Other popular backpacker destinations - Western Australia

 

Monkey Mia & Denham

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 30 32 31 29 26 23 22 22 24 25 28 29
Min 22 23 22 20 16 14 13 13 15 16 19 20
Rain 8 16 14 14 38 54 40 22 8 6 2 2

 

 

Broome

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 33 33 34 34 31 28 28 30 32 33 34 34
Min 26 26 25 22 18 15 14 15 18 22 25 26
Rain 158 144 101 30 21 23 4 3 1 1 13 77

 

Information on other Western Australian cities and towns

 

Other popular backpacker destinations - Northern Territory

 

Alice Springs

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 36 35 32 28 23 20 20 23 27 31 34 36
Min 21 20 17 12 8 5 4 6 10 14 18 20
Rain 43 41 33 16 16 15 14 10 10 20 25 36

 

 

Uluru (Ayers Rock)

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 39 37 34 30 24 21 21 23 29 32 35 36
Min 23 22 19 14 10 6 5 6 11 15 18 21
Rain 26 40 36 13 13 19 20 5 9 22 35 42

Information on other Northern Territory and towns

 

Tasmania

Information on other Tasmanian cities and towns

© Commonwealth of Australia 2011,Bureau of Meteorology